A battery consists of two metals brought into contact. Somehow, they form an anode/cathode electric potential. That's the extent of my battery chemistry.
So: NiCd - nickel and cadmium carbon zinc - zinc and carbon
alkaline - alkaline is a metal? Works alone, no pair partner necessary? mercury - ? NiMH - nickel and metal hydride. er, is M a specific element, or will any metal do? Li ion - ion is a metal? lead acid - acid is a metal? silver oxide - oxide is a metal? zinc air - air is a metal?
Who invents these names?