Suggestions for multi output battery charger

Do you have a question? Post it now! No Registration Necessary

Translate This Thread From English to

I posted this in a few days ago with no feedback so I
thought I'd try again here, sorry for the length...

After a career as a electronic design engineer and software author I retired
a while back and recently took up R/C model flying.  I've become frustrated
with the available battery chargers I can find for my hobby and decided to
look at designing my own universal solution.  There are some units around
providing some of these abilities, but none that I know of that provide them
all.  Anyway I can have some fun designing & building it during the wet 'n
windy part of winter.

And yes I'm well aware that I can't build something for the price I could buy
- if it were available!

So basically I'm looking for design/topology suggestions and possibly some
component selection advice from the mass of new available devices out there.
I'd also like to find some better/lower parts count  solution than the brute
force one of just building several identical programmable current sources in


1.    Powered from 12v leisure or car battery for field use or a 13.8v
mains supply for domestic use.
2.    Capable of handling varied cell chemistry such as NiCd,NiMh,Pb,LiPo.
3.    Providing six programmable current sources capable of 100mA to 2A
using step-down/buck technology only.
4.    One programmable current source 0.5A - 8A for 1 to 15 cells (say max
28v) using buck/boost technology.
5.    Microprocessor controlled voltage & current monitoring/logging and
setup via an LCD display.
6.    Smart enough to provide timed or automatic charging (delta peak etc)
control for those cell chemistries that allow it.
7.    Battery capacity determination on-demand by charge/discharge cycling
so you can tell if you should buy new batteries.

A PIC or AVR  with perhaps 20k code space could supply the smarts to
handle it.  I'm not familiar enough yet with the range to make a sensible

I suppose I could just use a bunch of the National SMPS regulator chips set
up as current sources for the 6 channels.  But then I have to provide some
way of programming the charge current as well which may be harder than just
monitoring it (which I have to do anyway unless I have accurate I sources)
and making micro on-the-fly pwm adjustments.
I even considered just using the pwm outputs of one of the micro variants to
drive discrete switchers, and changing the effective charge current with a
fast loop in the micro.  There could be complications in providing fast
enough s/c protection though.  I haven't really thought that through.

Having a micro there could offer a lot of flexibility in handling different
types of cell and could provide convenient automated charging so the
batteries always ready during the flying season.

If I get anywhere with this, I think I'll put up the circuit and source code
for others and perhaps arrange for a supplier to provide kits or assembled
units for those who don't want to build.  I've spoken to a number of folk who
have similar needs to my own so there is interest out there, but I'm not
looking to make any money out of it.

So grateful for any suggestions

Site Timeline