I don't do a lot of repair work these days how ever, I have an HT the user/owner complains about low audio on TX. I don't have a real service manual but I do have the original print that comes with the HT. This is a Standard dual band, HeathKit also made one of the same thing.
Now, I can turn up the drive levels via pots that are on the board for the VHF and UHF how ever, I don't see why I should have to do this. Changing it from the original set point to correct a failure somewhere isn't my cup of tea.
Since I don't have the real service print to go by, I don't know exactly what is suppose to be at the varicap diode section of the exciter oscillators for the UHF and VHF.
For an average level of audio into the mic of the HT, I'm getting ~ 150..200 mv PP into the varicap diode section of the oscillators..
To me, the audio level appears to be fine, the service monitor appears to show it's spread is with in normal limits.
The only think I can think of is a bad ceramic element in the 2 wired condenser mic.
Do those things go bad by producing poor/low quality audio ?
I'm thinking this may be more of a clarity issue, than anything else.
Low mic audio or low deviation? There's a difference.
Finding an FM deviation meter. Scream into the microphone. Can you get to +/-5Khz deviation? If not, you have low mic output or low mic amp gain.
Does it look like the audio limiter is working and keeping the deviation below 5KHz? If so, the modulator section is working, and it's just low mic or audio gain. If it limits, but below 5KHz, all it needs is to adjust the deviation pot(s).
Do you have a model number? I used to work for Standard and still have a pile of old manuals.
Those unspecified pots probably adjust the deviation, not the mic gain. They should be set for 5KHz *Maximum* deviation on each band, and left alone. Few HT's have mic gain pots. You're probably going to have to fix the lack of mic gain by either parts replacement, or modifying the design.
Since I don't have a model number, I check for you.
Since you have a service monitor, set the pots to 5KHz maximum deviation and leave it.
It's unlikely to be a ceramic mic. Those were big cans, with conical aluminum foil diaphragms across the mouth of the can. Diameters varied from 0.5" to 2" diameter. Few internal microphones in HT's used ceramic elements. It's probably an electret mic, which is easy to find and replace.
Ceramic mics seem to last forever. Some early electret microphone elements seem to have leakage problems, which eventually results in loss of output. Find a voltsguesser and measure the DC voltage across the microphone element. If it's about 5VDC, it's an electret mic. If it's zero, it's ceramic, dynamic, or something else.
Maybe. Many HT's come stock with minimal microphone gain. There are various dumb reasons for this, but without a gain adjustment, it's difficult to compensate for component value changes. We have a local ham, who absolutely insists that the correct way to talk into his HT is from about a 12 inches away. Typical deviation is about 1KHz and nobody can hear or understand him. He also has a rather quiet voice, and tends to wave the HT around while talking. After perhaps 10 years of this nonsense, I've given up suggesting that he eat the microphone. If the HT owner sounds like low audio on every radio he uses, then it's very likely an operator problem.
Jeff Liebermann firstname.lastname@example.org
150 Felker St #D http://www.LearnByDestroying.com