I am trying to build some projects with some pics.
I am self taught, and think I know the hardware end and C programing fairly well. But assembler is new to me, so I am trying to learn it.
Before I ask my specific questions, a general one: Do you know of any general (or PIC targeted) assembly language tutorials, I have tried searching google, but tend to find lots of x86 tutorials
I am currently trying to go through MPLabs tutorials, but their first example has brought up two questions. (I have copied the example below my questions)
My first question is: the line clrf WREG clears the working register W if I understand correctly, where does the abbreviation WREG come from, is it a convention (that I would be unaware of) Also, there is an instruction "clrw" which directly clears W, rather than the more general "clrf" why would that not be used.
The other question is: for the lines clrf COUNT,A ; initialize counter incf COUNT,F,A movf COUNT,W,A ; increase count and what is the "A" As I understand it, the variable count will point to a register, which holds the count, and F or W indicate the register to send the results to, but what is the "A"
------------------------------------------------------- Snippet of assembler
;Start of main program ; The main program code is placed here.
; *** main code goes here ***
----> clrf WREG movwf PORTC ; clear PORTC movwf TRISC ; configure PORTC as all outputs
----> clrf COUNT,A ; initialize counter IncCount
----> incf COUNT,F,A
----> movf COUNT,W,A ; increase count and movwf PORTC ; display on PORTC
call Delay ; go to Delay subroutine goto IncCount ; infinite loop
Delay movlw 0x40 movwf DVAR2,A ; set outer delay loop DelayOuter movlw 0xFF movwf DVAR,A ; set inner delay loop DelayInner decfsz DVAR,F,A goto DelayInner
decfsz DVAR2,F,A goto DelayOuter return