Hi - I'm going to be using a CUI pressure sensor
Hi - I'm going to be using a CUI pressure sensor
What pressure range do you want to measure? The recommended load for that sensor is 1.5kgf, at which its resistance is in the region of 2k ohm. The specification section on the datasheet quotes maximum allowable voltages and currents. It doesn't matter how you use it, as long as you stick within the limits. You could either feed it with a constant current, or make it part of a voltage divider. The datasheet suggests an operating current of 5mA which implies the former.
Andrew Holme wrote: [snip]
Or you could design your potential divider for 5mA.
Yes, you can do this. The only problem is that the relationship between the unknown (pressure sensor) resistance and the voltage applied to the ADC is not linear. That means that you need to do some math to get the resistance from the ADC reading. It also means that the resolution is not constant with resistance: for some pressure regions, a small change in resistance will cause a large change in the ADC reading, but it in others it will take a large change in resistance to produce any change in the ADC reading.
This might actually be good though, because your sensor is non-linear, so you might be able to use this non-linearity to make the sensor a bit more linear in the regions where you care about that.
I don't know anything about pressure sensors, but look at the figure at the bottom left of the first page. If I am interpreting it correctly then it shows data for four different samples of the same model of sensor. The response is all over the place below 250 gf: a 50 gf weight produced a little less than a 1meg resistance on one sensor, but more than 10meg on two others. I don't think that the sensor is intended for use in those regions.
Also, impedance does not work like that. If you put a 90meg resistor in front of an ADC with an input resistance of 10meg, then you are right that the input resistance increases to 100meg. However, you have also thrown away nine tenths of your signal; more voltage will be dropped across the 90meg resistor than across the ADC's input resistance.
In any case, are you sure that your ADC input looks like a resistance? In many types of A/D, the input looks like the sample and hold capacitor.
You're asking to be able to read a tremendously large resistance span there. I would investigate the possibility of preloading the thing with a few Newtons (what serious engineer uses "kgf" for crying out loud!). This preloading has the potential to wreck your DC accuracy if you can't do it with a weight, so be ready to jettison the idea fast.
If you can't preload and you need anything resembling accuracy then you're stuck with what you've got. While the resistance of the thing varies wildly with force, it appears that the conductance vs. force relationship may be more well behaved. If you could design a little circuit that would hold the sensor voltage constant and monitor the current you may do well:
|\\ 2mV ---------o----------->
.--|-/ | To ADC | |/ .-. .--->
| | | | | | | GND | '-' | ___ | '-----|___|-----o----->
To Sensor .----->
| | GND created by Andy´s ASCII-Circuit v1.24.140803 Beta
Note that this circuit, with it's 2mV input to the opamp, requires either an ultra-low offset opamp or an AC coupled system. Since the DC coupled circuit would be incredibly sensitive to ground loops I'd probably do it AC coupled: I'd add appropriate blocking caps and drive a square wave from a microprocessor into the opamp. I'd use the same microprocessor to read the ADC at both the high and low point of the square wave, subtract the two values and average the hell out of the result -- and I'd still expect to have difficulties.
-- Tim Wescott Wescott Design Services
"Meindert Sprang" wrote in news: email@example.com:
Can you suggest a different pressure sensor of similar dimensions? (it needs to be about 3mm square/round) The only other similar sensors I've been able to find are made by IEE
"Andrew Holme" wrote in news: firstname.lastname@example.org:
Ideally I'd like to be able to measure about 0-1kgf, which unfortunately is in the least accurate region of the sensor. These are for a one off application and a total of 6 will be used - so I was planning on individually calibrating each to compensate for this inaccuracy.
With a bridge, the best results are achieved when both resistors are about the same. Then use a high impedance buffer amplifier in front of the ADC.
-- Ing.Buero R.Tschaggelar - http://www.ibrtses.com & commercial newsgroups - http://www.talkto.net
Now go back to the drawingboard and calculate the needed voltage to 5mA through a sensor wit 1 to 10MOhm resistor.....
My suggestion: use a decent pressure sensor instead of this crap. Decent pressure sensors use strain gauges which can be prefectly mearured using a wheatstone brigde.
Tim Wescott wrote in news: email@example.com:
gf and kgf threw me off too. I had never heard of that term before - so I had to look it up. Preloading would probabaly be possible, though it'll be hard to do accurately. Today I have been in communication with a couple other FSR (force sensing resistor) manufacturers, and they look to be more accurate in the low pressure region, so I'll probabaly end up going with one of those.
If I do end up using these CUI sensors your idea definitely sounds interesting. Complicated, but interesting!
No I can't Have you searched google for "miniature load cells" ?
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