Newbie Question - Small Voltage Devices to Control Large Current Devices

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I am brand new to electronics and have just started taking a beginning
electronics class at the local college.  My long-term interest is in
controlling devices such as 120V/240V lights, motors, and/or solenoids.

In general, is it correct that large current devices are controlled by
smaller low-voltage electronic components?  In other words, a small
transistor might be used to switch on/off a larger coil-based relay,
which would, in-turn, switch on/off a light or motor.

TIA
John

Re: Newbie Question - Small Voltage Devices to Control Large Current Devices
A relay is a good way for a beginner to get introduced to controlling
"real world" electrical loads such as lamps or solenoids.

Let's say you have an HCMOS logic chip or a PIC operating with a 5V
supply.  The output pin can be programmed to be logic low (0VDC) or
logic high (5VDC).  The pin itself can only source or sink a few mA.
Here's one way to use that logic output and those 10 milliwatts of
power (5V * 2mA) to drive a relay which can switch a 100 watt, 120 VAC
lamp (view in fixed font or M\$ Notepad):

Fuse
VCC VCC             .-.       ____  Line
+   +       .-----( X )-----|_--_|----o
1N4002|   | RY1   |      '-'
-   C|      |    60 Watt    3AG 1A
^   C|      o
|   C| - -  '\ CRY1
|   |         \                   120 VAC
|   |       o  \
'---o       |
Logic Level      |       |
Output          |       |
___    |/        '-------------------------o
o-|___|-o-| 2N4401                        Neutral
2.2K  | |>
..-.  |
| |  |
2.2K | |  |
'-'  |
|   |
=== ===
GND GND
created by Andy?s ASCII-Circuit v1.24.140803 Beta www.tech-chat.de

This will get you there, and you can buy all the components from Radio
Shack.  Their 275-240 relay has a 5VDC coil, and will switch up to 1
amp at 120VAC.

If you're going to be using hazardous voltages like 120 VAC, make sure
you have your teacher or someone who knows what they're doing check
your work before you plug anything in.  Safety first.

Good luck
Chris

Re: Newbie Question - Small Voltage Devices to Control Large Current Devices
I guess Google Groups Beta munged the whitespace here.  Try this (view in fixed

VCC VCC               .-.       ____    Line
+   +          .----( X )-----|_--_|----o
|   |RY1       |     '-'
1N4002|   C|         |
-   C|      \  o
^   C| - - - \  CRY1
|   |         \.                       120VAC
|   |          o
|   |          |
'---o          |
|          |
Logic  ___    |/           '------------------------o
o-|___|-o-|2N4401                             Neutral
Signal 2.2K  | |>
.-.  |
2.2K| |  |
| |  |
'-'  |
|   |
=== ===
GND GND
created by Andy´s ASCII-Circuit v1.24.140803 Beta www.tech-chat.de

Thanks to all for the "heads up", sorry for the confusion..

Chris

Re: Newbie Question - Small Voltage Devices to Control Large Current Devices
> In general, is it correct that large current devices are controlled by
> smaller low-voltage electronic components?  In other words, a small
> transistor might be used to switch on/off a larger coil-based relay,
> which would, in-turn, switch on/off a light or motor.

Yes, that's often the case.

Re: Newbie Question - Small Voltage Devices to Control Large Current Devices

>I am brand new to electronics and have just started taking a beginning
>electronics class at the local college.  My long-term interest is in
>controlling devices such as 120V/240V lights, motors, and/or solenoids.
>
>In general, is it correct that large current devices are controlled by
>smaller low-voltage electronic components?  In other words, a small
>transistor might be used to switch on/off a larger coil-based relay,
>which would, in-turn, switch on/off a light or motor.

You're John Fields and I claim the \$5!

Re: Newbie Question - Small Voltage Devices to Control Large Current Devices
Hi John:

Buy some triacs and diacs from the store. This part is used to control
dimmer switches and drill motors. Its simple to hook up and uses 4
parts.
Harold

Re: Newbie Question - Small Voltage Devices to Control Large Current Devices
>>controlling devices such as 120V/240V lights, motors, and/or
solenoids
>> John
>
>Buy some triacs and diacs from the store...uses 4 parts.
> Harold

1 part:
http://www.digikey.com/DigiKeySearch.html

BTW, did the leading whitespace on Chris's print
get deleted for anybody else
(who's not looking at this at Google Groups)?

View with Courier font.
..                                         Fuse
..           VCC VCC             .-.       ____    Line
..            +   +       .-----( X )-----|_--_|----o
..      1N4002|   | RY1   |      '-'
..            -   C|      |    60 Watt    3AG 1A
..            ^   C|      o
..            |   C| - -   \ CRY1
..            |   |         \                   120 VAC
..            |   |       o  \
..            '---o       |
..Logic Level     |       '-------------------------o
..Output          |                             Neutral
..       ___    |/
..    o-|___|-o-| 2N4401
..      2.2K  | |>
..           .-.  |
..           | |  |
..      2.2K | |  |
..           '-'  |
..            |   |
..           === ===
..           GND GND

Re: Newbie Question - Small Voltage Devices to Control Large Current Devices

> I am brand new to electronics and have just started taking a
beginning
> electronics class at the local college.  My long-term interest is in
> controlling devices such as 120V/240V lights, motors, and/or
solenoids.
>
> In general, is it correct that large current devices are controlled
by
> smaller low-voltage electronic components?  In other words, a small
> transistor might be used to switch on/off a larger coil-based relay,
> which would, in-turn, switch on/off a light or motor.
>
> TIA
> John

Yes, large current or large wattage devices can be controlled by
smaller device. An example of controlling 120VAC lamps from
a low voltage circuit is here:

http://ourworld.compuserve.com/homepages/Bill_Bowden/page7.htm#aclamps.gif

It's a chaser circuit where 4 120VAC lamps light in sequence.

-Bill